Every person may experience ups and downs in mood. Feeling happy, sad and angry is normal. Bipolar disorder is a medical condition in which people have extreme mood swings. Their mood swings may have nothing to do with their life conditions. These swings not only affect mood, but also affect the way people think, behave and function.
Bipolar disorder (BD) is no nobody’s blame. It does not origin from a “weak” or unstable personality. It is a medical disorder that can be treated.
Apart from medication and ECT Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is an example of a short-term structured psychotherapy that has been found as an effective treatment for BD not only for treating depression but also for preventing future episodes.
Comorbidity of anxiety is common in bipolar disorder, and cognitive-behavioral therapy is very helpful for more severe anxiety problems, like panic attacks.
CBT may in fact be a necessity since antidepressants that are sometimes used to treat anxiety disorders. may lead to manic episodes.
Maria Karagounia has graduated from the City University of Seattle B.A. in Applied Psychology and in 2018 she had the Bolton University MSc in Cognitive Behavioral Psychotherapies.